After a research conducted by the Global Peace Index in 2019, the Republic of Ghana came third after Botswana and Malawi respectively in the most peaceful country in Africa in the latest Global Peace Index. Ghana was placed at number 44th in the world with Iceland leading the overall chart as the most peaceful country in the world during the 2019 Global Peace Index.

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In addition to that, the world’s overall peacefulness has improved for the first time in five years. Afghanistan was placed at the bottom of the list, followed by Syria, South Sudan, Yemen and Iraq all place in the bottom of the lists due to crisis, war and terrorism interrupting the nation.

The reports from the 2019 Global Peace Index measures the peacefulness of 163 countries with a range of measures including military spending and deaths from conflict and terrorism, as well as an estimated economic cost of violence. Iceland, often considered as one of the most beautiful country in the world, came first in the rankings for 12th year in a row as researchers praised the country’s falling murder rate and increase in funding to UN peacekeeping.

Also in the report, New Zealand came second, as the Global Peace Index authors noted the violence of the Christchurch mosque attack but stated that the country had improved other scores and developed a resilience to cope with such disasters.Also, according to the 2019 Global Peace Index reports, Portugal came third while Austria came fourth despite an increase in likelihood of violent demonstrations. Also in the report, Denmark came fifth, with European countries dominating the top of the list.

Also reports from the 2019 Global Peace Index revealed that Europe remains the most peaceful region in the world and it recorded a very slight improvement in peacefulness after several years of deterioration. Japan scored highly among leading world powers, coming in as the world’s 9th-most peaceful country.

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Also in the reports, Germany ranked 22nd in the list, United Kingdom ranked 45th in the list, France ranked 60th in the list, while the United States of America dropped four places and was ranked 128th. The 2019 Global Peace Index authors cited growing political polarization in America, adding that tensions had grown between Washington and Iran.

According to the reports from the 2019 Global Peace Index revealed that confidence in United States leadership has fallen the most in the past five years, with people now having more confidence in China than in the United States. Australia’s score also fell slightly, as researchers said the country had increased its military expenditure and weapons imports.

In the reports from the 2019 Global Peace Index, Russia scored badly, coming 10th from the bottom, below North Korea. While Afghanistan was at the very bottom of the list, scoring even worse than Syria, due to the outrageous activities of the Islamic terrorist group popularly known as ISIS.

Despite improvement this year, the world remains considerably less peaceful now than a decade ago Global Peace Index revealed. They reports emphasized on the increased of terrorist activity, the intensification of conflicts in the Middle East, rising regional tensions in Eastern Europe and northeast Asia, increasing numbers of refugees, and heightened political tensions in Europe and in the United States.

The 2019 Global Peace Index reports that Iceland, New Zealand, Portugal, Austria, Denmark, Canada, Singapore, Slovenia, Japan, Czech Republic and Switzerland are ranked as the top most peaceful countries in the world.

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